Wednesday, March 30, 2011


Dear Readers/Seekers,

I am glad to present the article “From Soka (Sorrow) to Sloka (Divine Hymn)”. It is about a poet named Poonthanam. The soka i.e. sorrow which attended him changed him to become a great devotee and by corollary a great poet composing Sloka (divine hymn).

The poet hailed from Kerala, the God’s Own Country. Outside Kerala, many people may not be aware of this great poet whose poems have inspired scores in to the realm of Bhakti towards Lord Guruvayurappan, the presiding deity of Guruvayur. In modern parlance, it is a romance of love between the Lord and his devout Bhaktha.

Guruvayur is an abode with scores of devotees experienced miracles like Poonthanam, Bhattathiri, Kruramma, Manjula, Chembai Vaidyanatha Bhagavathar, Sengalipuram Anantharama Deekshitar etc., even an elephant (Guruvayur Kesavan) expressed bhakti towards the Lord. Such is the greatness of Guruvayur. The offering to the Lord of this temple is unique which you cannot find elsewhere and yes that is the chanting of divine Srimad Bhagavatham. If one can visit this temple and sincerely prays all their wishes will be granted and more than that they will be elevated in their devotion.

I have heard in my child hood song with the refrain

“Krishna Krishna Mukunda Janarthana Krishna Govinda Narayana Hare…” But I didn’t know that it is sung at the end of Poonthanam’s famous poem “Jnaanapaana” or “Njaanapaana” which oozes with pure bhakthi, wisdom and knowledge. I hereby thanks Sri V. Ramachandran of Mumbai who was instrumental in writing this article about Poonthanam. Myself and Ramachandran are friends since our school days and we used to visit Guruvayur often when we were in Coimbatore which are still memorable. I also take this opportunity to thank Sri Ramachandran’s parents Sri Venkataraman and Smt Lakshmi Venkataraman who are ardent devotees of Lord Guruvayurappan and who inculcates bhakti to many through Guruvayurappa Bhakta Samajam in Coimbatore.

My sincere thanks to Major Sri V. Venkat Narayanan whose continued support in doing the necessary corrections and adding the necessary rangoli work wherever required despite his pre-occupation.

I also happened to have a brief chat with Dr. U. R. Giridharan who had carried out the colossal translation of Jnaanapaana to Tamil christened aptly as “Gnaana Virutham”. Dr. Giritharan who hails from Kerala was raised in Tamilnadu and is endowed with a sublime knowledge of Sanskrit, Malayalam and Tamil. He has translated many masterpieces in Sanskrit and Malayalam in to the regional languages. You can read his translated works in the following portal which is a treasure trove.

The Jnaanapana or Njaanapana song is available in the youtube and I sincerely recommend all readers to hear the Jnaana-paana song by going through the following link or you can buy music CDs which you can get in any leading music store.

Let me not stand in the way of your enjoying Poonthanam and the legend behind his Jnaana-Paana. Happy reading and hearing ! Warm Regards AV Devan 31-3-2011 Chennai


Poonthanam Nambudri (1547 – 1640 AD) Poonthanam Nambudri was born in a village called Keezhattoor near Perinthalmanna, in the Malappuram District of Kerala State. He was a contemporary of Melpathur Narayana Bhattahiri and Ezhuthachan, two glorious poets of Kerala. In Kerala a person is referred to by his family name first, then the actual name followed by the caste / title. Thus Poonthanam was the family name. His actual name is not known. Since he was born in the Nambudri Brahmin community he is known as Poonthanam Nambudiri or simply Poonthanam. The house where he lived, known as “Poonthanam Illam” at Keezhattor is still preserved by the Guruvayur Devaswom Board.

Poonthanam married an heiress at the age of twenty. As they were issueless, they prayed to Lord Guruvayurappan for progency. Finally their prayers were answered and a son was born to them in the year 1586. Poonthanam did the initial samskaras for his son like Jathakarma [purifactory rites done upon birth of the Child], and Naama Karana [Naming of the Child]. When the Child was six months old Poonthanam decided to celebrate the Child’s Annaprasanam i.e. first feeding of cooked rice. He fixed an auspicious date and invited all his friends and relatives. But on the day of the ceremony the Child died miraculously. There are two version as to how the child died. One due to accidental suffocation caused by the clothes strewn over the babyand another one was that the child fell in the boiling rice and died. Whatever may be the reason, Poonthanam and his wife were thoroughly shattered as they had begot the Child after many years of penance.

The grief-stricken Poonthanam sought refuge at Guruvayur and started praying with the puranic story of Kumaraharanam. By stoically absorbing the tragedy with a sense of reality, Poonthanam submitted himself to the will of the Lord. He was at once blessed with a vision of the divine child Krishna, inspiring him to sing “Jnanappana”, a devotional and philosophical treatise. Poonthanam did not know Sanskrit and so decided to express his innate feelings in chaste Malayalam.

In one of the verses he says

“Unni Krishnan Manasil Kalikkumbol Unnikal Mattoru Venamo Makkalai?” "When the divine child Krishna dances in my heart, Is there any need to have another Child?” Works of Poonthanam

Poonthanam’s popular poems apart from his famous ‘Jnanappaana’ are ‘Bhasha Karnamrutham’, ‘Kumara Haranam’ or ‘Santhanagopala pana’, ‘Noortettu Hari’, ‘Kuchela Virutham’ and a divine series of melodious songs in praise of Lord Krishna and other deities. These are devotional works in Malayalam laced with Krishna Bhakti and his works stand apart as they are very simple, easy to understand with fast paced verses making them very attractive to the layman. Poonthanam’s mission also turned out to be a historical necessity for the revival of the Bhakti movement in Kerala. Consequent to Portugese rule in Kerala, to combat moral and social degradation coupled with political violence the poet founded a new plank on the doctrine of Bhakti as the best means of attaining salvation.

As a ‘Basha Kavi’ or ‘Vernacular Poet’ Poonthanam succeeded in elevating Malayalam as a popular medium of devotional literature. He defied the tradition and used the vernacular at a time when Sanskrit and Manipravalam were dominant in the literary horizon of Kerala.

JNANAPPAANA – The Song of Wisdom

‘Jnana’ means wisdom and ‘Paana’ means a pattern of folk poem. ‘Jnanappana’ was composed by Poonthanam in a literary style called ‘Panapattu’. It consists of about 360 short lines in verse form clothed in very simple Malayalam. It is musical at the least and rich in meaning at best being steeped in philosophical wisdom. The poem is a veritable treatise on ‘Nama Sankirtan’ or devotional worship through chanting the names of Lord Krishna. In chorus every phrase is repeated at the end with the refrain of

Krishna Krishna Mukunda Janardhana Krishna Govinda Narayana Hare Achuthananda Govinda madhava Sachithanda Narayana hare. The immediate effect of chanting this is one of long lasting joy and warmth of feelings. No wonder, Poonthanam’s Jnanappana is a household name in Kerala. The poet emphasizes the ephemeral nature of human life, the unending cycle of birth and death, Karma, spiritual vacuum of modern civilization and delusions of materialistic life. Poonthanam urges men to sing the glory of the Lord by giving up ill will and hatred. Covetousness for wealth and attachment keep men away from God says Poonthanam and he pleads men to guard against the lure of money. ‘Jnanappana’ eulogises Bharatavarsha as a ‘Karma Bhoomi’ and he laments that men of other countries were not fortunate enough to be born even as a grass in India. Drops of Wisdom – from Jnaanapaana

The following are few drops from Jnaanapaana.:

Guru-naathan Thuna Cheiga Santhatham Thiru-Naamangal Navin Mel Eppozhum Priyiyathe Irikkanam Nammude Nara Janmam Saphala Makkeduvan Let my Guru help us all the time So that the Divine Name is always present in the tongue And continue to be there with us forever So that this human birth becomes most fruitful Innale-yolam Enthaanu Arinjeela Ini Naleyum Enthaanu Arinjeela Ini Kanda Thadikku Vinsasamum Inna Neram Enthu Arinjeela We don’t know what happened till yesterday We don’t know what is going to happen tommorrow The material body which is visible to us We don’t know when this is going to end Chuzhaneedunna Samsara Chakrathil Uzhaneedum Namakku Aringheeduvan Arivulla Mahathukal Undoru Paramarthangal Chey Thirikkunnu Eluthayittu Mukthi Labhippanai Chevi Thannethu Kelpin Ellavarum In this rotating wheel of life of birth and rebirths To teach us who are entangled in this wheel Those Great Sages who have realized Have showered on us many a truth with their divine grace To easily attain Salvation So every one please listen with care POONTHANAM & BHATTATHIRI

Poonthanam was a Contemporary of Melpathur Sri Narayana Bhattahiri who was one of the greatest poets of that time in Kerala. Bhattathiri a great devotee of Lord Guruvayurappan wrote the famous master piece “Narayaneeyam” in Sanskrit. There are several legends associated with Poonthanam & Bhattathiri.

· Padmanabho ‘Mara Prabhu’ or ‘Amara Prabhu’?

Once Poonthanam was reciting Vishnu Sahasranamam. In one of the verses he read “Padmanabho Mara Prabhu”. Hearing this Bhattathiri laughed at him and pointed the mistake that it is not ‘Mara Pranbhu’ rather he should be read as “Amara Prabhu”. Immediately there was a celestial voice stating “Am not only Amara Prabhu (Lord of Devas) but also Mara Prabhu (Lord of Trees).

· Bhakti Vs Vibhakti

Once Poonthanam sought the help of Bhattathiri in editing his poetic work “Sri Krishna Karnamrutham”. However Melpathur refused saying that he never read works in Malayalam which hurt Poonthanam. The next day when Melpathur arrived at the Guruvayur Sannidhanam to compose his dasaka (Narayaneeyam) he could not proceed as there was an Asareere or celestial voice stating that “Poonthanam’s Bhakti is more pleasing to me than Melpathur’s Vibhakti (learning or knowledge in Sanskrit Grammar)”. Melpathur realized his mistake and requested Poonthanam to pardon him and then agreed to review the works of Poonthanam. · Aa Mothiram – (That Ring)

Poonthanam used to wear a ring gifted by Bhattathiri and used to walk nearly 100 kilometers to have darshan of Guruvayurappan. He had to across the forest on his journey. Once when Poonthanam was crossing the forest some robbers attacked him. He gave everything to the robbers along with the Ring gifted by Bhattathiri except a small bag which he clung to as it which contained the invaluable Srimad Bhagavatam. When he told the thieves that it was only a book they tried to snatch it and he cried “Guruvayurappa” clinging to it. At ths same time, the minister of the Zamorin King named “Mangattachhan” was passing through that area who rushed, chased the robbers and retrieved the money and ring and gave it back to Poonthanam. Mangattachan also escorted Poonthanam upto Guruvayoor who gifted the ring to Mangattachan. The same day night the Melsanthi (Chief Priest) of Guruvayur Temple had a dream wherin he saw a Unni Namboodiri telling him that “you will find a ring on the idol and give it to Poonthanam who will come tomorrow.” When Melsanthi went to the Sanctom-Sanctorum he was surprised to find a ring on the deity’s finger. Melsanthi turned and saw Poonthanam waiting to have the Nirmalya Darshan of the Lord. Melsanthi then explained his dream to Poonthanam and handed over the ring. Poonthanam was thrown out of surprise as it was his own Ring which he had gifted the day before to Mangattachan. Poontham then realized it was the divine play of Guruvayurappan who came in the guise of Mangattachan and saved him. This episode has been immortialized in “Aa Mothiram” a Malayalam poem by Vallathol, a famous poet. Book Mark in Srimad Bhagavatham

Poonthanam’s bond with Srimad Bhagavatham is very special which we have seen in the last episode that while he could spare his ring he couldn’t spare Bhagavatham to the robbers. There is a famous Shiva temple at Kottiyoor in North Kerala. This temple is kept open only for a brief period during the year. It is believed that Daksha Yaga was performed in this temple. Once Poonthanam reached Kottiyoor temple and had a bath in the Holy River. He then worshipped Lord Shiva, felt happy and stayed there for a few days. He recited Bhagavatham every day in front of the deity. There is an interesting portion called “KARHICHITH” in Bhagavatham in the tenth chapter wherein Krishna asks his wife Rukmini “Why did you get married to me though I am just a shepherd? You would have had much better life if you had married the King Sishupala.” Hearing this Rukmini faints and the Lord consoles her. This part is described very well in Bhagavatham with profound meaning. Poonthanam finished reading this part of the Chapter and kept the Bookmark at the end. The next day he found the bookmark at beginning of the same chapter. So Poonthanam read it for the second time. Miraculously the Bookmark was found at the beginning of this Chapter eventhough he had kept it at the end of the Chapter everday. It happened to be the last day of the year when the temple was getting closed. Poonthanam some how left his Bhagavatham inside the temple which he realized it later and rushed to the temple to take it back. The door was closed but he could hear some body chanting the Bhagavatham Tenth Chapter where his Bookmark was kept. Curious he was and peeped through the Key Hole and saw Lord Shiva himself chanting Srimad Bhagavatham with Goddess Parvathi listening. Tears flowed from their eyes out of devotion. Poonthanam stood there outside and listened the entire chapter being read aloud by Lord Shiva himself. At the end Lord Shiva asked Parvathi “was my reading as good as that of Poonthanam’s?”. Parvathi promptly replied that it was not on par with that of Poonthanam’s recitation. This episode shows the love with which Poonthanam read Srimad Bhagavatham. Journey to Vaikuntam Poonthanam was getting old and he could not travel much. Hence he remained at home and was spending most of his time in reading Bhagavatham. One day Poonthanam said “Guruvayurappan is visiting us tomorrow and hence the whole house needs to be decorated.” Saying so he got on to prepare himself for receiving the Lord of Guruvayur. The family members felt that he had gone crazy. The next day he could see a plane coming towards his home. He was agog with joy and went out to welcome Guruvayurappan. The family members thought that he had gone berserk. He then told his wife to get ready to go to Vaikuntam. His wife did not took it seriously and told him that she had to do a some more things in the kitchen. A maid who was listening to their conversation asked Poonthanam whether she could join him. Poontham gladly agreed. After a few minutes Poonthanm’s wife finished her chores and came out to find that Poonthanam was missing and the maid dead!. Yes Poonthanam was personally taken by Lord Guruvayurappan to his eternal abode Vaikunta. Such is the kind of devotion of Poonthanam.

Let’s all worship poonthanam, read Jnaanapana and get the divine blessings of Lord Guruvayurappan.

Thiru-Naamangal Navin Mel Eppozhum Priyiyathe Irikkanam Nammude Krishna Krishna Mukunda Janardhana Krishna Govinda Narayana Hare Achuthananda Govinda madhava Sachithanda Narayana hare. Acknowledgements

[Major] Sri V. Venkat Narayanan – For making this article colorful by doing the necessary rangoli work.

Sri V. Ramachandran - Whose was instrumental in writing this article about Poonthanam. Bibliography/Reference

Vaishnava Samhita – Sri Sri Krishna Premi Swamigal Kathai Malar - Sri Ramakrishna Publications Soaked in Bhakti – Sulochana Pattabhiraman – The Hindu Article Poonthanam in Tamil – The Hindu Article Bhakti poet of the masses – C.S. Krishnadas – The Hindu Article Jnana Pana – Sri P. R. Ramachander Poonthanam Nampoothiri – Sri Gopala Krishnan – Poonthanam – // Poonthanam - Melpathur Narayana Bhattathiri - // Hindu Devotional Blog

Friday, March 11, 2011


From Editor’s Desk

Dear Readers/Seekers,

I am glad to present the life history of the second among the 63 devout Naayanmars ( Devotees of Lord Shiva) as part of a Sacred Sixty Three Series of articles spanning Sixty Three divine lives of Shaivite Naayanmar. The life history of the Nayanmars, seen from our mundane blinkers, may appear unbelievable at worst or highly imaginary at best. If we read the Chola Minister Sekkizhar’s Periyapuranam, we will know to what extent each of the Naayanmars had gone to sacrifice anything and everything they had for the Lord - be it be their own life or even that of their family members.

Sometimes I used to wonder the reason they had gone to such an extreme level. Is it that God will respond only to those who are ready to sacrifice everything ? Being a skeptic, I was reluctant to write articles on incidents which seemed to be on the fringes of imagination exaggeration. However only after seeing the bottom line of the any Naayanmar, I realized that they had attained salvation only after being put to a severe test. Hence we should sink in the moral that God will descend to protect His devotees provided they are steadfast in their devotion.

In this article we shall see the life history of “Poosalaar Nayanaar”. When reading the divinity soaked Periyapuranam, I was pondering over the meaning and significance of the word “Poosalaar”. It turned out that he was so called because he used to smear the sacred ash all over his body (Neeru Poosudhal) hence “Poosalaar”. However I further realized that the word “Poosal” was also used in another context in Thirukkural (Anbudaimai – Kural 71) which goes like this,

அன்பிற்கும் உண்டோ அடைகுந்தாழ் ஆர்வலர்
புன்கணீர் பூசல் தரும்

meaning, “ One cannot hide the love which one entertains towards a person. So much so, when one saw the person undergoing even a small suffering, copious tears will flow automatically”. Here the word “Poosal” is used in the context of “Tears flowing” or rushing. Similarly I am of the firm opinion that Poosalaar would have always been in tears thinking about his beloved Lord and hence would have received the name. I am also reminded of Tirumoolar’s Tirumanthiram which says,

அன்பும் சிவமும் இரண்டென்பர் அறிவிலார்
அன்பே சிவமாவது யாரும் அறிகிலார்
அன்பே சிவமாவது யாரும் அறிந்தபின்
அன்பே சிவமாய் அமர்ந்து இருப்பாரே

The ignorant says Love and Shivam are different
The very Love itself is Shivam which nobody knows
If one gets to know that Love itself is Shivam
He sits like or becomes the Shivam which is love personified

Similary the Poosalar Sits like or becomes the Shivam himself. You will come to know more of this while reading his life history.

அன்பே சிவம்

Please do share your valuable feedback.

Happy chanting!
Warm Regards,

A.V. Devan

Built to Last or Built to Heart?

The divine history of “Poosalaar Nayanaar“

The Pallava King Rajasimhan or Narasimhavarman II who ruled over South India during 6th Century was a great devotee of Lord Shiva besides being a connoisseur and patron of arts. He was also a great military strategist and a mighty warrior. That the Pallavas were recognized as a major power during this period is testified by the fact that he exchanged ambassadors with China and other countries. Rajasimhan reveled in histrionics and was a skilled dramatist and a poet. He wrote many works in Sanskrit and Tamil. Given his multi dimensional personality, he is mainly remembered as a foremost devotee of Lord Shiva and a relentless warrior king who ensured that the Pallava armies remained dominant in the subcontinent.

Rajasimhan desired to bequeath a befitting legacy to the posterity in the name of the Lord of Kailash and commenced the construction of the famous Kailasanathar temple at Kancheepuram. Upon completion of the temple after years of hard work, he decided to have the consecration (Kumbabishekam) and fixed an auspicious date after consulting erudite Shivacharyas.

The Kumabhishekam day was nearing and the attendant arrangements were under progress. A day prior to the D Day, the King personally supervised the arrangements for the grand function and went to bed thoroughly satisfied. However the Lord of Kailash started His divine play (Thiruvilayadal) as usual and appeared in the dream of Rajasimhan and said the following words as quoted from Periyapuranam.

நின்ற ஊர்ப் பூசல் அன்பன் நெடிது நாள் நினைந்து செய்த
நன்று நீடு ஆலயத்து நாளை நாம் புகுவோம்
நீ இங்கு ஒன்றிய செயலை நாளை ஒழிந்து பின் கொள்வாய்
என்று கொன்றைவார்சடையர் தொண்டர்

கோயில் கொண்டு அருளப் போந்தார்

“My beloved Poosalaar has conceived for a long time and built a big, fine temple which I will enter tomorrow; post­pone your program to a later date, so said the Lord who wears Golden Shower Blossoms in his matted locks and departed to occupy his devotee’s temple.”

Let us stop here for a while and know the flashback!

Flash back at Thiruninravur

In the Thondai region (Thondai Nadu) there was a small town named “Thiruninravur”. Thiruninravur is a suburb in the north west of Chennai near Avadi (meaning dwelling of cows). Thiruninravur also hosts one of the 108 divya desam “Vaikunda Vasa Perumal”. Thiru means Lakshmi, Nindra means Standing Ooor means the town. We can see the legends of these temples later during our Temple Visit. Now let us come back to the flash back.

Thiruninravur was inhabited by disciplined people steeped in Vedic knowledge. “Poosalaar” was born and bred in the Vedic Chanting tradition of the village. Poosalaar had mastered the Vedas and excelled in devotion and wisdom. He was an ardent devotee of Lord Shiva and had an intense ambition to build a temple to the Lord Shiva. Though he could not muster funds, he had a deep and overwhelming desire in his heart. Engulfed with the overpowering craving, Poosalaar reconciled to himself that he would not get any help from any quarters for building the temple OUTSIDE. Undaunted, he finally decided to build a temple for the Lord, WITHIN. Presto, within the confines of his HEART!.

He knew all the agama shastras, i.e. scriptural rules to build a temple. So he sat under a tree and started contemplating about the construction of the temple within his heart. The temple gradually started growing up in his mind.

The intensely sincere and well thought out work continued without any hitch and he gradually completed the inner and outer praharams, artha, vasantha and bhoga mandapams. He also erected a big tower and adorned it with various clay forms; Also dug a sumptuous pond for providing water for the daily anointments and raised gigantic walls all around the shrine.

Thus, the Lord’s abode was as complete like the completeness of his love for the Lord. Bear it in mind that he built the temple step by step, stone by stone and executed his masterly odyssey meticulously and with great reverential detail, all within his Heart!. Pooslaar thus built a grand temple for the Lord of Kailash with such micro level details by meditating on the Lord from within his heart, where the God was verily seated. Having consummated the sublime construction, he fixed an auspicious date for the consecration ceremony (Kumbhabishegam). He then implored the Lord of Kailash, to grace the consecration and offer His blessings.


The King got woken up from his reverie and realized that in his dream, the Lord had ordered him to postpone the consecration as He had to attend a similar function slated for the same day at Tiruninravur. The king felt that if the Lord Himself had chosen then it should really be a bigger temple and decided to see the great devotee and the great temple himself started proceeding towards Tiruninravur along with his retinue. Upon reaching Thiruninravur the King enquired the local people about the new Shiva Temple.

Nobody happened to know anything about the temple but however informed him that there is a person by name “Poosalaar” sitting under a tree in meditation. The King’s retinue said they will bring Pooslaar but the King stopped them and said he would himself will go to his place and meet him.

The King then reached the Iruppai tree where Poosalaar was mediating , waited for the Poosalaar to open his eyes. Later when Pooslaar came out of meditation, the King revealed his dream to Poosalaar. The King of the region was standing in front of a poor a rare sight to see indeed. With folded hands, the King then requested Pooslaar that he wanted to see the TEMPLE built by him as revealed by the Lord Himself. Tears of love and joy started flowing in torrents from the eyes of Poosalaar as he could not believe that the Lord whose form could not be seen even by Brahma and Vishnu had decided to sanctify the consecration of the temple which he had built in his HEART.

Poosalaar then told the King that he had been constructing the temple in his heart and had fixed the consecration ceremony on that very day and that he had reached there just before the consecration. Saying so, he gently drew the Kings hands and placed them on his heart. The King felt the divine chanting of Vedas and Mangala Vadyam (Divine Musical instruments) and witnessed the consecration ceremony which was taking place inside the heart of Poosalaar!

The great devotee that he was, King Rajasimhan was astounded to see the devotion and sincerity of Poosalaar. The king himself took all the specifications of the temple which Poosalaar had in mind and physically constructed a temple for the Lord at Thiruninravur. Since Poosalaar originally built the temple for the Lord in his Heart (Hridayam) the Lord here is known as Hridhayaaleeswarar. It is the belief of many that the heart related ailments will get cured by simply having the darshan of the Lord Hridhayaaleeswarar at Thiruninravur.

Poosalar lived like what was said by Saint Thaayumana Swamigal

நெஞ்சகமே கோவில்
நினைவே சுகந்தம்
அன்பே மஞ்சன நீர்
பூசை கொள்ள வாராய் பராபரமே

The heart itself is a temple
Thinking about the Lord itself is the fragrance
The Love is the purificatory water
Please come Oh my Lord and accept my offerings!

The above incident is encrypted in the Kailasanathar Temple at Kanchipuram by Rajasimhan himself is the proof that the King did realized what he dreamt was real.

Let us worship the divine feet of POOSALAAR and RAJASIMHAN and seek their blessings to make us purify our insides and have the Lord in our hearts too!

அன்பே சிவம்


[Major] Sri V. Venkat Narayanan – For making this article glitter by doing the much needed Chamki, Zari and Jigina, work.

Sri A.R. Rama Narayanan - Whose was instrumental in writing articles about the divine 63 Naayanmaar (Shaivite Devotees).


Periya Puranam – Sri Karthikeyan - Giri Trading Publications
Chitira Periya Puranam – A.Sa. Gnaana Sambandan / Sri S. Rajam/Dr. N. Mahalingam
Puchalar Nayanar –
God’s favorite abode –
Narasimhavarman II -
Thiruninravur Sri Hridhayaaleeswarar -